Described as the form of travel to natural areas with the intention of learning, studying or engaging in activities that attempt to minimize the environmental negative effects and empower the host communities, eco tourism is one of the categories of Uganda Safari tours that has been steadily gaining ground in the recent years.
From the 1990s, the destination Uganda started to look out for the possible avenues through which mass tourism and its negative effects would be minimized to ensure sustainable tourism development. activities such as guided nature walk, bird watching, Mountain Gorilla trekking, canoeing, Chimpanzee trekking, community walks and Mountain hiking were increasingly sold to travelers on safaris in Uganda.
This in turn diversified the traditional tourism which majorly featured classic wild game viewing in tour Vehicles in the National Parks. By widening the scope, the interests of various world travellers have been catered for, the trickling down of the tourism revenue has increased and the conservation of natural resources along with cultural preservation has been encouraged.
Uganda now features a range of eco-tourism sites including the ten (10) National Parks like Bwindi Impenetrable and Mgahinga National Parks where gorilla trekking in Uganda is carried out, Lake Mburo, Kidepo Valley, Murchison Falls and Queen Elizabeth National Parks where game viewing is conducted and Kibale, Mount Rwenzori, Mount Elgon and Semuliki Valley National Parks. Other eco-tourism sites include; National forest reserves like Budongo, Kalinzu and Mabira, Game reserves, protected wetlands and community wetlands like Bigodi wetland sanctuary which is the leading eco-community initiative in destination Uganda.
The development of eco-tourism has enabled even the ecologically fragile areas to open up for Uganda tours since the visitor impact is keenly managed. Efforts like limiting the visitor capacity per day have been considered for the sake of gorilla trekking and chimpanzee trekking, trails have been well set for forest, wetland and Mountain hikes to avoid vegetation trampling among others.