Mountain Gorillas one of the subspecies of eastern gorilla are known to thrive only in three (3) countries on a world scale namely; Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda where they are explored on Uganda gorilla trekking safaris and tours.
The habitats range in the hilly forested landscapes of the Albertine rift which is the western arm of the Great East African rift valley and these habitats are recorded to be fragile and yet surrounded by one of the densely populated communities on the continent of Africa as viewed by travelers on gorilla safaris in Uganda and Rwanda Africa.
The respective governments have declared National Parks around these areas to ensure the protection of the Mountain Gorillas which are listed as critically endangered on the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Uganda has Bwindi Impenetrable National Park which supports a minimum of 400 Mountain Gorillas and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park that is part of Virunga massif. Rwanda has Volcanoes National Park while Congo has Virunga National Park all part of the Virunga massif – the block of eight (8) Mountains known to support 480 Mountain Gorillas as always heard from the guides while on gorilla safari in Rwanda and Congo.
The habitats feature an altitude range of 2,200 – 4,300m and the gorilla forests are mostly cloudy, misty and cold. The mist forms the background of the slogan “Gorillas in the mist” which was popular with Dian Fossey and then later a range of Africa safari companies including Prime Uganda Safaris and Tours Ltd.
The Mountain Gorillas feed on various items in these habitats including; bark of trees (6.9%), roots (3.3%), stems and shoots (85.8%) from around 142 species of plants, flowers (2.3%) and fruit (1.7%). They also feed on small invertebrates (0.1%).