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List Of 10 Uganda National Parks | National Parks in Uganda | National Parks of Uganda

With over 10 Uganda national parks/national parks in Uganda-game parks, Uganda is one of the top African safari destinations. The ten (10) national parks of Uganda are well-positioned and uniquely endowed or gifted by nature to offer you a memorable African Uganda safari.

With over 10 Uganda national parks/national parks in Uganda-game parks, Uganda is one of the top African safari destinations.  The ten (10) national parks of Uganda are well-positioned and uniquely endowed or gifted by nature to offer you a memorable African Uganda safari.

List Of  The 10 National Parks of Uganda

  1. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
  2. Queen Elizabeth National Park
  3. Murchison Falls National Park
  4. Kibale National Park
  5. Kidepo National Park
  6. Lake Mburo National Park
  7. Mgahinga Gorilla National Park
  8. Rwenzori Mountains National Park
  9. Mount Elgon National Park
  10. Semuliki National Park

Uganda is a member of the East African Federation and is one of the countries on the African continent that are gifted by nature with amazing Uganda Parks which prompted the British premier to declare it the pearl of Africa in 1908 and hence the best African safari destination. Uganda contains ten (10)  Uganda National Parks that are well set to be encountered on your Uganda tours.

1. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

Uganda’s Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is one of the country’s most renowned tourist destinations famous for Mountain Gorilla trekking in Uganda safaris.

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park in South Western Uganda, Kisoro District sits at the edge of the Great Rift Valley and was first made available for tourism in April 1993. It covers an area of 321 kilometer square and it ranges from an altitude between 1,160m to 2,607m above sea level.

The rich ecosystem of Bwindi Uganda dates back to 25,000 years and the park has about 400 plant species, 120 mammal species, 350 species of birds including all the 24 Albertine Rift endemics, and 200 butterfly species.

The endangered Mountain Gorillas are its major attraction as the impenetrable forest protects about 459 Mountain Gorillas of Uganda, which is almost half of their population remaining in the world (1063).  Thus, making Gorilla trekking the major safari activity of the park.

Other than the Mountain Gorillas, the park also protects different primate species that are easily seen on a nature walk for example

  • Monkeys
  • Chimpanzees
  • Olive Baboons

You will also encounter other attractions in and around the park for example over 350 bird species including the most sought-after Albertine Rift endemics like the

  • Rwenzori Turaco,
  • Rwenzori Batis,
  • Handsome Francoline
  • Collared Apalis, among others

Wild animals to see in the park include

  • Elephants
  • Duikers
  • Bush Pigs
  • Buffaloes
  • Antelopes

Therefore, Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is the ultimate destination to experience different safaris in Uganda like Mountain Gorilla safaris, Uganda birding safaris, game viewing tours, scenic nature walk tours, and Batwa visits.

Almost all safari activities at Bwindi Impenetrable National Park occur in the four sectors of the park which are the Buhoma sector, the Nkuringo region, the Rushaga section, and the Ruhija sector.

2. Queen Elizabeth National Park

Queen Elizabeth National Park in Kasese District in South Western Uganda is known as the most popular national park of the country and the second largest after Murchison Falls National Park, greatly known for Uganda wildlife safaris. It covers an area of 1,978km² and rises at an altitude of 1,300m above sea level marked at the Katwe explosion craters.

This national park was designated in 1952 as Kazinga National Park but was renamed Queen Elizabeth National Park in 1954 to commemorate the visit of the Queen of England to the country.

Queen Elizabeth National Park boasts a rich number of wildlife like over 95 mammal species including 20 carnivores and more than 600 bird species.

Its diverse ecosystem covers freshwater lakes, crater lakes, extensive savannah plains, humid forests, and swamps that are home to various wildlife. It is also a Man and Biosphere Reserve with different communities living within the park.

Discover the different wildlife of the Queen Elizabeth National Park in areas such as the

  • Kasenyi plains
  • Ishasha Sector
  • Maramagambo Forest
  • Kazinga Channel
  • Katwe Area

The major safaris at Queen Elizabeth National Park include wildlife safaris and community visits through incredible activities such as

  • Game Drives
  • Boat Cruises
  • Lion Tracking
  • Birding
  • Nature Walks
  • Rhino Census
  • Community Walks

3. Murchison Falls National Park

Murchison Falls National Park in Masindi Uganda, North Western Uganda is the oldest and largest protected area of the country. It was designated in 1952, covers an area of 3,840 km2, and sits at an altitude of 127m above sea level. The park is on the Northern end of the Albertine Rift Valley and gives amazing wildlife views for travelers to the country.

It is unique for its Murchison Falls which flows from the Victoria Nile, squeezing through an eight-meter gorge and falling thunderously in the Devil’s Cauldron. The Victoria Nile also divides the park into the North and the Southern Hemispheres flows across the Rift Valley floor and pours its water into Lake Albert.

Various habitats cover the plains of the park with the savannah, acacia trees, Borassus palms, and the riverine woodland in the Northern part of the park while the Southern areas are dominated by the forest and woodland plantations.

Thus, they provide habitat for various animals including over 144 mammals of Uganda species 51 reptiles, 51 amphibian species, and more than 556 species of Uganda birds.

Some of the various animals to watch on the plains of the Murchison Falls National Park include the

  • Lions
  • Elephants
  • Buffaloes
  • Rhinos
  • Leopards, among others.

The most common bird species to watch at the park are the endangered Shoebill near the Albert Delta while others include the Secretary Bird, White Crested Turaco, Giant King Fisher, and Osprey, among others.

Therefore, you will enjoy various safaris and activities in the park for example

  • Game Drives
  • Visiting the top of the falls
  • Nature Walks
  • Boat Cruises
  • Birding

Some renowned visitors to Murchison Falls National Park include Theodore Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, Ernest Hemingway, and various British Royals.

4. Kibale National Park

Kibale National Park, also known as the primate capital of the world is famous for outstanding Uganda Chimpanzee trekking safaris & tours.

The park in Kabarole District, Western Uganda covers an area of 321 kilometers square and rises at an altitude of between 1,160m to 2,607m above sea level.

The most famous activity at the park is Chimpanzee trekking which occurs at the Kanyanchu Visitor Center and since 1993 when it began, it has always been an excellent experience. There are about 1,500 Chimpanzee species in the park out of the estimated 5000 in the country.

There is a 90% chance of finding the Chimpanzees in their natural habitat and it takes about 2 to five hours to find a habituated Chimpanzee group.

Other than the famous Chimpanzees, the park is also home to 12 other primates including Monkeys and Baboons. There are also over 120 mammal species in the park, about 370 bird species including 23 Albertine Rift endemics.

Therefore, prepare for the best safari experience as you go to visit the park. You will participate in various activities such as

  • Chimpanzee trekking
  • Chimpanzee Habituation
  • Nature Walks
  • Birding
  • Community Visits

5. Kidepo National Park

Kidepo National Park is defined as a true African wilderness in North Eastern Uganda comprised of two season rivers which are the Kidepo and the Narus rivers.

This park’s great wilderness is comprised of an open savannah plain, seasonal, and oases that provide food and water for the animals.

The park which covers an area of 1,442-kilometer square and sits at an altitude between 914m and 2,750m is found in the Karamoja district and was gazzetted a national park in 1962.

This isolated park protects over 77 mammal species and over 476 bird species that find a home in the beautiful ragged and extensive golden landscapes. It is also the only park where you will see the Common Ostrich. Other birds to see include the

  • Little Green Beater
  • Secretary Bird
  • various Eagles
  • Pelicans
  • Egrets, among others.

Local communities are living in and around the park for example the Karamojong and the IK people, a hunter-gatherer group that are threatened due to their few population.

Other animals to see in the park include

  • Elephants
  • Buffaloes
  • Lions
  • Antelopes, and various other species.

Common safaris and activities at Kidepo Valley National Park include

  • game drives
  • bird watching
  • nature walks
  • community visits

6. Lake Mburo National Park

Lake Mburo National Park is the smallest savannah national park in Uganda but with a rich in wildlife for promoting the country’s tourism sector.

The park is nearest to Kampala City in Nyabushozi county in Kiruhura District and it connects the city to the western parts of the country. It covers an area of 370 kilometers square and it was gazetted a national park in 1983.

20% of the land in Lake Mburo National Park is wetland surface as it harbors 5 lakes and others surrounding it.

Lake Mburo National Park protects over 315 bird species including the

  • Ruppell’s Starling
  • Southern Ground Hornbill
  • Black Bellied Bustard
  • Black-Throated Barbet
  • Mosque Swallow
  • Bare-Faced Go Away Bird, among others.

other wildlife animals for example the

  • Buffaloes
  • Zebras
  • Topis
  • Hyenas
  • Hippos
  • Leopards
  • Elands
  • Reedbucks
  • Defassa Waterbuck, among others.

The various safaris and activities to enjoy at the Lake Mburo National Park include

  • Game Drives
  • Boat Cruises
  • Nature Walks
  • Birding
  • Community Visits
  • Sport Fishing
  • Cycling Tours

7. Mgahinga Gorilla National Park

Mgahinga Gorilla National Park is the smallest national park in Uganda found in Kisoro District and with a size of 33.7 kilometer square. It is a famous and only destination to experience the Golden Monkeys in Uganda.

The park is also well known for protecting one Gorilla family that you can visit during your Gorilla trekking adventures.

In 1991 Mgahinga Gorilla National Park was declared a national park and consequently, the local Batwa who originally lived in the forests were sent away from the forests and given land around it.

This park sits at an altitude between 2,227m to 4,127m above sea level since it is known to be around the Virunga Conservation region.

However, it is also part of the Virunga conservation area, which spans three two other parks which are Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda and the Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This area boasts a massif of 8 mountains which are both dormant and active.

Travelers get the chance to experience the beauty of meeting both the Mountain Gorillas and the Golden Monkeys in one place. Additionally, Mgahinga Gorilla National Park also has amazing birding adventures as you will be led to experience over 180 bird species, 14 of which are Albertine Rift Endemics like the Kivu Ground Thrush.

Get to explore over 76 Mammal species in the park counting the

  • Buffaloes
  • Giant Forest Hog
  • Bush Pigs
  • Elephants, among others.

Therefore, be ready to experience the very best adventures in the park through the different safaris and activities for example

  • Mountain Gorilla trekking safaris
  • Golden Monkey trekking adventures
  • volcano hiking safaris
  • bird watching experiences
  • Batwa community visits
  • nature walk tours, among others.

8. Rwenzori Mountains National Park

The Rwenzori Mountains National Park is a wonder, known to many as the Mountains of the Moon, and the most popular Uganda mountain trekking safaris & tours. The park is found in Bundibugyo District and it spans an area of about 996 kilometer square.

Rwenzori Mountains National Park has the highest altitude in the country at the Margherita Peak which rises to 5109 meters above sea level.

In 1991, Rwenzori Mountain National Park was formed, in 1994, it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and in 2008, this park was made into a Ramsar site.

The major attraction at the Mount Rwenzori National Park is the Rwenzori Mountains thus making Mountain hiking the most common safari and activity of the park. Ms Beryl, at the age of 78 was the oldest person to reach the Margherita peak in 2010.

Mount Rwenzori National Park however has a plethora of other attractions to explore as it is rich in some of the most endangered and endemic animals and birds.

This park boasts over 70 mammal species and over 217 species of birds, 19 of which are endemic to the Albertine Rift for example the

  • Rwenzori Double-Collared Sunbird
  • Rwenzori Batis
  • Red Faced Woodland Warbler, among others.

In case a traveler finds it challenging to hike the mountains then they can opt to enjoy village tours to the neighboring Bakonzo villages or do nature walks.

Thus, the major safari activities in the Rwenzori National Park include

  • Mountain Hiking
  • Birding
  • Community Visits

9. Mount Elgon National Park

Mount Elgon National Park is a vast plain, holding Mount Elgon as its main attraction, shared by both Uganda and Kenya. It is known for Uganda mountain trekking safaris & tours.

The park which is found in Eastern Uganda in Mbale District has an area of 1,121 square kilometers.

Mount Elgon is believed to have been at one point the highest mountain in Africa but with the continuous soil erosion over the years, its altitude reduced to about 4321m to Wagagi peak. This makes it the fourth-highest peak in East Africa and the 8th in Africa.

It is also believed that it is among Uganda’s oldest physical features which first erupted about 24 million years ago. Mt Elgon also has the largest volcanic base or Mountain Caldera in the world, spanning 4,000 square kilometers.

Mount Elgon National Park is a UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserve as it also has the Sabiny and the Bagisu living around its slopes.

However, it is a rich destination with various fauna and flora to experience during your trip to the country.

Mount Elgon National Park protects about 300 species of birds counting the rare and endangered Lammergeyer. Some of the common mammals of the park include the

  • Antelopes
  • Black and White Colobus Monkeys
  • Blue Monkeys
  • Elephants

Expect to explore the park through various activities such as

  • Mountain Hiking
  • Nature Walks
  • Birding
  • Cave Visits, among others.

10. Semuliki National Park

Semuliki National Park is also known as a birder’s haven and it is found in Bundibugyo District. The Semuliki National Park sits at an altitude of between 670m to 760m above sea level. This Park area is also known for Uganda cultural tours.

In 1932, the place was made a reserve and in 1993 it was declared a national park.

Semuliki National Park is on the floor of the Semuliki Valley west of the Rwenzori Mountains. It carries a rich biodiversity of the Ituru Forest in the Congo Basin which is known as one of the oldest forests in Africa that has survived since the last ice age that occurred about 12,000 to 18,000 years ago.

Although Semuliki National Park has over 120 mammal species, it is more famous for its large number of unique bird species which is over 441 bird species. The park protects the endangered Albertine Rift endemics and some Congo Biome species.

This bird list includes Guinea Congo Forest biome species like the

  • Congo Serpent Eagle
  • Spot Breasted Ibis
  • Chestnut Flaned Goshwak, among others.

Also, the park protects 12 bird species that have a limited distribution within the country.

There are also about 300 butterflies inclusive of 46 Forest Swallowtail species and 235 species of moth.

Additionally, Semuliki National Park protects the beautiful hot springs that are part of the features that formed the Rift Valley about 14 million years ago.

Enjoy the exploration into the lives of the Batwa people who also once lived in the forests of the park but were later evicted from the forest. By meeting them, you will get to understand their way of life and how much they have adjusted to the outside world.

Semuliki National Park will therefore give you the chance to explore various safaris and activities such as

  • Bird Watching
  • Nature Walks
  • Visiting the Sempaya Hot Springs
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