At Independence in 1962, Bundibugyo was part of Toro Kingdom. When the kingdoms were abolished in 1967, Toro Kingdom attained district status. IN 1974, Semliki District was carved out of Toro District and in 1980 it was re-named Bundibugyo.
It boarders the districts of Kabarole in the east, Kasese in the south, Lake Albert in the north and the Democratic Republic of Congo in the west. It is the extreme western part of the former district of Toro.
212,844 people-109,732 female, 103.152 male.
Main Language; Rwamba and Rutoro.
Banks; Stanbic Bank Uganda Ltd
Agriculture with emphasis on food crops such as Sorghum, maize, finger millet, pigeons, Pease, g-nuts, sunflower, sweet potatoes and beans. Cash crops include; Cocoa, Vanilla and Palm oil. Vegetables and fruits include Tomatoes, Cabbages and Onions. There is also fishing on Lake Albert.
The district has a total of 123 primary schools with 116 government, 4 private and 3 community schools. For secondary schools, the district has a total of 11 schools. 6 are government schools, 4 private and 1 community. There is 1 Teacher training college.
The district has 14 Government dispensaries (II), 2 health centres (III) at county, 1 health centre (IV) at sub-district and 1 hospital. More so, it has 2 private/NGO dispensaries, 6 clinics, no health centre. Bundibugyo Hospital has a total of 153 beds.
It has a murram road network that meanders over rugged terrain.
There is Semliki National Park with the hot springs, Semliki Wild life reserve, Rwenzori Mts National Park, The pygmies are found near Ntandi, and Amabere caves and water falls.